Concept of Throat Chakra in light of traditional Kundalini yoga
Throat chakra or Vishuddhi is known as purification centre. In the system of Kundalini Yoga, Sanskrit word shuddhi means purification or purity. Throat chakra is also known as the centre of nectar and poison. Here at this centre, the nectar which drips down from the Bindu chakra, is said to be split into nectar and poison. Poison here is segregated and the pure nectar is absorbed for the nourishment of body resulting in longevity and health. Once purification is achieved then the awareness operating through this chakra enables one to connect subtle dimensions of psychic experiences. This is the fifth chakra situated above Heart chakra or Anahata.
Symbology of Throat Chakra
According to Kundalini yoga tradition, location of Vishuddhi chakra is at the base of the throat. Here chakra is symbolized as 16 petalled lotus of smoky purple in color. The Yantra (geometrical symbol) of the chakra is conceived as white circular yantra of Akasha Tattva (space element) with bija mantra Ham. Sometime Akasha here is dressed in white and mounted on white elephant. The white elephant with 7 trunks; representing the triumph over the instinctive tendencies of the lower chakras. Its mandala is in the form of circle. This circle is somewhere represented as a circle with multiple dots in it. The presiding devata is sadashiva in his ardha narishwar form. The goddess is shakini. Within the yantra we find the symbol of inverted triangle representing the feminine power of creation.
Vishuddhi chakra belongs to the fifth loka; the plane of Jnana. Its vayu is Udana which lasts till the end of life and its direction is upwards. Along with Ajna chakra Vishuddhi forms the basis of Vijnanamaya kosha (intuitive sheath) which embodies the realm of psychic experiences. The tanmatra (subtle essence of element) of space element here is sabda (sound) and jnanendriya (sense organ) is ear. Karmendriya or organ of action is mouth.
The fifth chakra is located in the area of throat. It is through here nurturance in the form of food and air are taken into the body. The thyroid gland which regulates metabolism and oxygen is also situated here. Physiologically this chakra has to do with being nurtured. Psychologically too, energy of the chakra is related to receptivity.
Psychic qualities of Throat Chakra
Throat Chakra is the centre responsible for receiving vibrations from other people’s mind which is happens within the field of vijnanamaya kosha. This occurs through a minor centre which is closely connected with Throat chakra. It somewhat acts like a transistor radio tuning into a radio station, allowing the yogi to tune into the thought patterns and feelings of people both around and far away. Associated with Vishuddhi chakra is kurma nadi, the tortoise nadi. When this nadi is awakened, the practitioner is able to overcome the desire and necessity for food and drink. Physiologically it could be associated with developing control over one’s own metabolism via thyroid gland. It is said in Kundalini Yoga tradition that when Kundalini is in Vishuddhi one enjoys eternal youth and once is awakened by the practice of hatha yoga, Kundalini yoga or tantric practices then a spontaneous physical rejuvenation begins to take place.
Vishuddhi is the centre of expressing creativity in one’s life. Tanmatra sabda is conceived here in its most refined and creative form, ideas and concepts. Consciousness of artist focused at this chakra, is uncontaminated by his ego tangled thoughts and expressions. On contrast if art is ego tangled then creativity stagnated. It is then an artist comes to imitate himself, his ideas no more expand and his growth is stagnated.